The country was divided in the 1970s when a civil war broke out. The Wakandan Civil War eventually became a proxy conflict during the Cold War between the Union of Yuktobanian Republics, which intervened to put a friendly regime in power, and Osea, which backed Wakandan nationalists that were opposed to Yuktobania. The war led to the eastern part of the country to break off and become the Republic of Wakanda, which was more aligned with Yuktobania. The rest of Wakanda continued to have civil war until a political agreement was brokered by the Osean Federation between different factions. A democratic republic was created, but in practice, a nationalist dictator, Oscar Mavatiku, ruled the country from 1981. He maintained a close relationship between DR Wakanda and Osea, relying on Osean military support. His regime promoted Wakandan nationalism, particularly aimed against Yuktobania, which was seen as an enemy for having intervened in the civil war. The Oseans saw the DRW as an ally against Yuktobania and a strategically important outpost on the Union's southern border.
But as the Cold War ended after the Belkan War of 1995, with Osea and Yuktobania coming closer together, the Oseans no longer had a reason to back the Mavatiku dictatorship. Factions wanting more democratic rule, or opportunists wanting power for themselves, overthrew his government in 1996. Oscar Mavatiku himself fled into exile and was given asylum in Osea. A rebel group called the Military Congress for the Rescue of the Republic (MCRR) led an uprising, and the Wakandan Armed Forces (WAF) were too weak and corrupt after years of mismanagement to pose a threat. Joseph Kibanza seized power during the First Wakanda War as the interim president, but other factions that disagreed with his views started a rebellion. Three more years of conflict, the Second Wakanda War, led to a total societal and economic collapse, with an estimated 2.8 million deaths. A new political agreement was signed in 1999, in which Kibanza promised new elections.
These were carried out in November 1999, and led to the election of another former anti-Mavatiku rebel leader, Jean-Jacques Kanyama, as President of the Republic. After his inauguration in January 2000, Kanyama inherited a country that was devastated by years of war and a collapsed economy, being far behind most of the world in development, while millions of Wakandans had been displaced by the fighting. By the end of his first term in 2004, the country's economic growth increased and the living standards rose. Kanyama was reelected in 2004 despite protests of the increasingly authoritarian nature of his government. When he was reelected again in 2008, protests began and eventually escalated into violence. The neighbouring Republic of Wakanda threatened to intervene in 2011 to assist the uprising, leading to the Third Wakanda War.
- Oscar Mavatiku (1981—1996)
- Joseph Kibanza (1996—2000)
- Jean-Jacques Kanyama (2000—present)
The Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Wakanda consist mostly of the land forces, along with a small Air Force and and even smaller navy. The military has a long history of being corrupt and ineffective, after years of mismanagement under Oscar Mavatiku's dictatorship, and later total collapse during the rebellions of the late 1990s. The new political agreement signed in 1999 led to the integration of former rebels and elements of the original Wakandan Armed Forces into a new national army, causing indiscipline and corruption. The Osean Federation signed an agreement in 2001 with DR Wakanda to provide a training program for its military.
The government particularly put funding into the Air Force of the Democratic Republic of Wakanda (AFDRW), which is equipped with older MiG and Sukhoi fighters. The main combat forces are organised into the Fighter Wing, consisting of 1st and 2nd Squadrons.
|MiG-21||Yuktobania||24||Purchased in 1977|
|Su-25||Yuktobania||12||Purchased in 1998|
|MiG-25||Yuktobania||8||Purchased in 1998|
|F-16||Osea||4||Purchased in 2000|
|Boeing 727||Osea||VIP||1||Purchased in 1992|
|An-12||Yuktobania||transport||2||Purchased in 1997|